Mooney International Corporation took root in 1929 through Albert Mooney and his brother Arthur. Together they established the company in Wichita, Kansas. However, they faced the perils of a crashing economy. When the Great Depression struck in 1930, Mooney went bankrupt. While the brothers worked other jobs, Al fed into Mooney Aircraft Incorporated, eventually bringing in financial bankers Charles Yankey and W. L. McMahon.
Mooney’s first aircraft was the Mooney Mite M-18, a single-seater aircraft designed to entice ex-fighter pilots post-military service. This plane remained in production until the 1950s. By 1953, Mooney moved to Kerrville, Texas. From there, the M20 sped production and took its first flight in 1953. It received its certification in 1955. Sales started slow but picked up as the aircraft became known for its speed through its Lycoming O-320 engine.
Since its start, Mooney has experienced many setbacks and hardships, primarily due to the economy. Mooney has filed several bankruptcies and has had many different owners. Mooney operated under Chinese leadership through its ownership by Soaring America. However, production resumed in Kerrville. But Chinese investors had other developments and projects in mind. One such project included the introduction of two new M10 models in 2014. However, the entire project was canceled by 2017.
Mooney shut down in 2019 and again in 2020 and furloughed or laid off its employees. Even after reopening, Mooney continued to search for an investor. By the fall of 2020, a group of aircraft owners and pilots named US Financial, LLC, bought a majority share of Mooney from Soaring America. Mooney’s current owner and CEO is Jonny Pollack.
Mooney’s Wood Construction
Before its metal til appeared in 1958, Mooney’s earlier M20 models featured wooden wing and tail construction. These models showcase their strength and durability in earlier advertisements and marketing campaigns. However, these aircraft are becoming rare to come by as their wood properties require careful inspection and expensive maintenance. Furthermore, wood-made components are susceptible to rot, which is hugely damaging to the plane.
Its wooden wing and tail construction allow the aircraft to fly at a faster pace, but there are a confirmed number of incidents of wooden tails breaking up in flight due to water damage and resulting rot. The breakup of these parts while in flight proves it to be more dangerous than a similar model made of metal and other fortified materials. Because of the severity of these incidents, Mooney delivered 166 M20As before stopping its production.
Country of Origin: America
Mooney Super 21 Chaparral M20E & Executive 21 M20F Statistics (1977)
The following are statistics for the latest variation of the Mooney M20F Super aircraft statistics.
Range Of Years Manufactured
Total Aircraft Build
Current Operational Aircraft
Average Sale Value
Average Days On Market For Sale
VREF Demand Rating
- BWI Aviation Insurance
- Mooney Aircraft Insurance
- Travers Aviation Insurance
- AOPA Insurance
- Global Aerospace
Mooney M20E & M20F Details
The interior of the M20E Super 21 Chaparral is equipped with Positive Control (PC) and offers good visibility. This aircraft also has restyled reclining seats, a left-hand pilot armrest, cabin-operated sump drain, re-engineered panel control knobs, and a new fuel selector valve.
Mooney’s M20F Executive’s interior features 13 cubic feet of extra space, individual reclining seats for extra comfort, ample baggage space, and added storage. It also features a streamlined windshield and plush velour and leather upholstered seating. It also features a New Dimension panel with all flight instrumentation and controls within easy reach. This aircraft also has elbow-to-elbow space, similar to the Bonanza.
The Super 21 M20E is a four-seater retractable gear aircraft with a 200-horsepower Lycoming engine. It also features a 74-inch constant speed-controlled pitch propeller. It has an all-metal construction, a welded chrome-moly steel tube frame, and an aluminum skin covering. It has a low wing design and manual retractable landing gear.
The M20F’s exterior features three big picture windows for better passenger visibility, tubular steel cabin protection, “Z” type wing spar, drag-free retractable steps, gap-sealed control surfaces, full-length rudder, and flush riveted wrap-around wings skins.
A 1975 Mooney M20E Super 21 may or may not contain the following standard avionics:
- King KX175B
- King KT76A
- KMA 20
- Apollo GX55
A 1976 Mooney M20F Executive 21 may or may not contain the following standard avionics:
- Aspen avionics EFD primary display
- JPI EDM-900 primary engine monitor with fuel flow
- GMA-345 audio panel w/ 4-place intercom and integrated Bluetooth
- GTN-650 WAAS touchscreen navigation unit
- GTX-345 transponder with Bluetooth
- Artex 345 406mHz ELT
- Standby horizon
- #2 TKH digital nav/com
1975 Mooney M20E Super 21:
- Configuration: Single Engine, Piston, Retractable Gear
- Max Seats: 4
- Max Take Off Weight: 2,740 lbs.
- Cruise: 162 kts
- Range: 778 nm
- Take-Off Run: 880 ft.
- Landing Roll: 785 ft.
- Wing Span: 35 ft.
- Length: 24 ft. 4 in.
- Height: 8 ft. 4 in.
1975 Mooney M20F Executive 21:
- Height: 8 ft. 4 in.
- Length: 23 ft. 2 in.
- Wing Span: 35 ft.
- Max Landing Weight: 1,575 lb.
- Empty Weight: 1,575 lb.
- Fuel Capacity: 52 US gal
- Max Range: 601 nm
- Service Ceiling: 19,500 ft.
- Landing Distance: 595 ft.
- Rate Of Climb: 1,120 fpm
- Max Speed: 171 kts
- Cruise Speed: 163 kts
- Stall Speed: 50 kts
Mooney M20 Models
Early models featured wooden structures in the wings and tail. However, these features were a safety hazard and proved dangerous after several incidents resulted in broken tails while in flight. 1960 saw the last of these wooden features. This particular model has a Lycoming O-320 engine, and Mooney made a total of 200.
This 1958 variant saw an engine change using the Lycoming O-360, which kicked up its horsepower to 180 compared to its predecessor at 150. There were 499 of these made during the years 1958 to 1960.
This 1961 model kept the same engine as the M20A and made 222. This is the first aircraft you would see without wood parts. From here on, the construction of all M20s is all metal and other necessary materials.
In this 1962 model, the M20C made a few tweaks to reduce some of the issues the M20B had. It changed to the Hartzell 74″ Constant Speed HC-C2YK/7666-2 propeller with Hartzell governor, D-l-4, and a reduced cowl flap opening. The Ranger’s exhaust system changed to a Hanlon & Wilson exhaust, which was more lightweight and efficient. Sound and lighting improved with this model, as did its weight, balance, and a few other alterations.
The 1963 M20D featured a Lycoming O-360 engine with 180 horsepower. Mooney made a total of 161 of these models.
M20E Super 21 / Chaparral
Horsepower on this 1964 aircraft increased to 200. Additionally, it featured a Bendix fuel injection and altitude power boost. It also saw an engine shift to the Lycoming IO-360.
M20F Executive 21
The 1966 M20F kept the same horsepower as its predecessor. Furthermore, its fuselage extended by 1 foot and its cabin by 10 inches. This model maintains the same engine as the Super 21 with the Lycoming IO-360, but now with Power Control.
The 1968 Statesman M20 model returned to a Lycoming O-360 engine, pulling its horsepower back to 180. The M20G also had an upgraded Long (F model) fuselage, fuel capacity of 52 gallons, Power Control, and a one-piece windshield.
The introduction of the M20J is where many started to take notice of Mooney in the aviation industry. The M20J model was often referred to as the Mooney 201 because it could fly at 201 miles per hour (323 km/h) using its 200 horsepower (150 kW) engine. Here, the propeller is squared off and has a drag reduction similar to that of the F model.
We see our first turbocharged M20 model with the 1979 M20K ignited by an engine change to a Continental TSIO-360-GB or -LB. This model also featured a Rajay-fixed wastegate, 75-gallon fuel capacity, and Dorsal fin air scoop. Minor details included curved wingtips and enclosed lighting.
Also supercharged, this 1986 M20K model came with a Continental TSIO-360-MB engine with the same configuration as its 1979 M20K relative.
This 1997 M20K Encore model featured a supercharged engine through the Continental TSIO-360-SB. This kicked up its horsepower to 220 compared to its predecessor at 210. Only 27 of these were made.
This 1988 M20 model had a horsepower of 217 but was not turbocharged. This model is unique as it has a Porsche PFM 3200 engine, created using the engine design of Porsche’s 911 Carrera. This model saw a few changes to its throttle with a replacement mixture and propeller controls using single power control. The M20L PFM’s mixture and propeller rotation speed were adjusted automatically based on the setting of this single control. This particular model did not last, and only 41 were ever made.
M20M TLS / M20M Bravo
Unlike the M20L, the 1989 M20M made an engine switch to the Lycoming TIO-540. This turbocharged aircraft had a horsepower of 270 until 2006, with a total of 314 units.
M20R Ovation / Ovation 2
The 1994 Ovation saw a rise in horsepower to 280 using a Continental IO-550-G engine. This model featured an extra long body until 2001 with 266 units.
M20S Eagle / Eagle 2
The 1999 M20S continued using the same Continental IO-550-G engine as the Ovation with a reduced horsepower of 244. This model also featured a long body, 2-axis STEC autopilot, and 75-gallon capacity.
This 2006 model changed engines to the Continental TSIO-550-G and had a horsepower of 280. Mooney only produced this turbocharged model from 2006 to 2008.
M20U Ovation Ultra
As one of the most recent models, the 2017 Ovation Ultra has a Continental IO-550-G engine and 280 horsepower. Mooney’s starting price for this model is $689,000.
M20V Acclaim Ultra
This 2017 model uses a Continental TSIO-550-G engine with a horsepower of 280. It is turbocharged and has a set price of $769,000.
Top Mooney M20 Questions
The following are FAQs for Mooney’s M20.
How Much Does A Mooney M20E Cost?
The estimated retail value of an M20E is between $54,450 and $75,020, depending on which year you’re interested in.
How Much Does A Mooney M20F Cost?
The estimated retail value of an M20E is between $66,550 and $88,330, depending on which year you’re interested in.
How Much Does It Cost To Operate A Mooney?
According to BWI Fly, typical Mooney operating costs average between $60 to $80 per hour. However, Mooney’s true cost will change depending on several factors, such as fuel costs, hangar expenses, etc.
How Fast Is A Mooney M20E?
The top speed for Mooney’s M20E is 165 kts or 190 mph.
How Fast Is A Mooney M20F?
The top speed for Mooney’s M20E is 160 kts or 184 mph.
How Fast Is A Mooney M20K?
A turbocharged M20K can reach a top speed of 201 kts or 231 mph.
Interested In Mooney’s M20E Or M20F Models?
Find all of the information you need at VREF Online.